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What does a dermatologist do?
Dermatology deals with skin, hair and nail lesions, diseases and treatments. By examining moles and other lesions detected on the skin, malignant tumours of the skin can also be prevented and detected in time. Early detection of melanoma, a malignant skin tumour that often metastasizes at a very early stage, is of particular importance and requires regular screening.
Behind the skin lesions are often internal diseases, so a complex examination is recommended. Traditionally, sexually transmitted diseases are also treated within the framework of dermatology, as their first symptoms are observed on the skin and mucous membranes.
We are also waiting for children with various skin problems: from seborrhoea through the treatment of chickenpox wounds to the treatment of teenage acne skin, all services are available at our outpatient clinic.
In case of what problems should we consult a dermatologist?
Common problems in this outpatient clinic:
- Mole changes
- Atopic dermatitis
- Allergic or autoimmune skin diseases
- Acne, pimpled skin
- Skin symptoms of diseases of internal medicine / tumour origin
- Occupational skin injuries
- Fungal infections
- Different skin rashes
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Where can I get this medical specialty?
Common dermatological examinations
Mole Screening – Melanoma Screening
During mole screening, a dermatologist examines suspicious moles through a dermatoscope. With the help of regular annual mole screening, the change (growth, surface, colour) of moles can be accurately traced, thus screening possible melanoma. The mole test is of great importance even if there has been a malignancy in the family.
Removal of benign skin tumours, viral warts
There are several types of viral warts: common wart, verruca plana, molluscum contagiosum, genital warts (condyloma). Patients often treat them at home and go to a specialist after a long time.
Investigation of skin irritation and rash of unknown origin
It is also possible to treat and examine non-transient, irritated skin at our outpatient clinic, and the work of our dermatologists is assisted by laboratory tests and intolerance tests.
Acne, pimpled skin
Most people visit a dermatologist with this problem; this is not only because it is very common, but also because it is in a clearly visible place: purulent, inflamed lumps form on the face, chest and back. In addition, if left untreated or mistreated, it will leave scars or brown spots (hyperpigmentation) that will last for a lifetime. In doing so, we are also talking about an aesthetic problem that puts a spiritual strain on those involved.
The dermatologist will also map out possible co-morbidities and causes before starting skin treatment. In adult acne, it is important to rule out certain gynaecological problems (e.g. PCOS) and dental or otolaryngological foci. Digestive problems and food intolerances can also cause acne prone skin, therefore their exclusion by a gastroenterologist is important. Nor is spiritual origin a negligible cause, so this must also be addressed. After the exclusion of co-morbidities, treatment can be started, which is always tailored to the age, gender and patient. For this reason alone, it is not worth believing practices circulating on the Internet, since no two cases are alike.
These can occur almost anywhere on the body. Their formation is favoured by the humid environment and insufficient hygiene. We apply local treatment first. In extensive, stubborn cases that do not respond to local treatment, the possibility of medication should be considered.
It is primarily a problem affecting the 30-40 age group, which is aesthetically very confusing. It first causes temporary and then permanent redness of the skin. If left untreated, inflammatory (acne-like) nodules and painful lumps appear on the skin surface. Its treatment is a complex task. In addition to alleviating and reducing the visible symptoms, it is extremely important to pay attention to the possible and already experienced causes.
One of the most common chronic inflammatory skin diseases in the group of eczema, which can affect up to 15-20% of children and 10% of adults. Inherited predisposition and environment together trigger complaints. It is characterized by chronic or recurrent symptoms such as itching, eczema of the skin on the face and knees, wrists, elbows.
Screening of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
Women mostly see a gynaecologist for this type of problem, and men usually see a urologist or dermatologist. However, dermatological and gynaecological consultation is also recommended for women. Women are also cultured from cervix and vaginal secretions, men are also cultured from urethral or acornic penis skin, and in both cases, samples can be taken from other penetration gates (e.g. anus, oral mucosa). Syphilis and HIV are tested from blood.