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What does a cardiologist do?
A cardiologist is a specialist in cardiovascular disease and an internist in cardiovascular disease.
In case of what problems should we consult a cardiologist?
The following symptoms can also be caused by a heart problem, so you may want to look into the cause of the problem:
- chest pain
- exhaustion, shortness of breath
- rapid pulse, strong heartbeat even at rest
- irregular heartbeat
Where can I get this medical specialty?
Common cardiological examinations
In a healthy heart, the sinus node in the atrium wall is responsible for creating the electrical stimuli that first contract the atria and then the ventricles. The ECG is used to examine the electrical activity of the heart at rest. It can be used to examine the number of heart beats per minute, their regularity, pacing, conduction, conduction disturbances, arrhythmias, hypoxia and damage to the heart muscle. It provides information on various heart muscle diseases.
The electrical activity of the heart is monitored during exercise (during cycling in the Swiss Premium Medical Centers). The test is recommended to determine the endurance and physical condition of athletes, as well as to examine diseases of the cardiovascular system and coronary arteries. If there is a significant narrowing of the coronary arteries, the increased oxygen demand of the heart muscle during exercise is not ensured. Myocardial hypoxia is usually indicated by a characteristic ECG trace.
Painless diagnostic tests that do not require preparation. During the ultrasound imaging procedure, the condition of the heart and heart cavities, the walls, keys and pericardium delimiting them, and their condition can be seen in motion.
Ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM)
It is used to record blood pressure continuously for 24 hours, which takes place during normal daily activities. Blood pressure also changes normally at different times of the day, but it is also affected by physical activity, stress, and eating. The procedure is also used to check the adjusted antihypertensive treatment and to detect intermittent deviations (e.g. so-called white cloak or masked hypertension).